World Maps for CBSE Class XII Fundamentals of Human Geography

CBSE board examination of class 12 Geography includes 5 marks of identification items on world map. Those students who wish to aspire for cent percent marks must practice map items. Maps for now onwards will be of 10 marks i.e. 5 marks for identification of geographical items in World political map and another 5 marks for locating Geographical items in India political map.

Its has been my experience as CBSE examiner since last 10 years that most (99%) of students and teachers alike never take the maps seriously. Isn't it very awkward that all of them wish to secure good marks by cramming topics and lessons but rarely give maps any importance which may fetch them hefty marks in boards. They just loose marks.... I think if you practice maps you can score as easily as just appearing in the examination room.

Dear students practice maps. I now give you - Fundamental of Human Geography Maps



Google Classroom

During the last two weeks the Geography students of Class XI-C took part in the Google Smart Class Activity on Chapter 'Landforms and their Evolution' - Fluvial Landforms. They explored the different landforms through Google Earth, their characteristic features, change brought on them by Geomorphic Agents. 

This activity included searching and viewing animations, images, panorama views, online articles, audio, inter-activities  quizzes, close activities, multiple choice question for self assessing, assignments, and summaries. 

Self Reflection for students.

1. What was your favourite topic of this lesson?
2. How would you describe the learning you achieved through this lesson?

Tell me about these through comments.


Reversal of the sun's magnetic field in a few months from now!!!

A Video of NASA of what it might look like if magnetic forces draw out loops and strands of hot plasma from the sun's surface. - Image courtesy NASA

The sun's magnetic field, which extends beyond Pluto and the solar system, is just months away from flipping, Stanford’s Wilcox Solar observatory measurements show. The sun's magnetic field changes polarity approximately every 11 years during the peak of each solar cycle as the sun's inner dynamo reorganizes itself.

"This change will have ripple effects throughout the solar system," solar physicist Todd Hoeksema of Stanford University said in a statement.

Scientists are already seeing signs of the reversal happening, and this time there's a twist: the sun's two hemispheres are oddly out of sync, with the North Pole already beginning to change and the South Pole racing to catch up. That means that for now, at least, the sun effectively has two South Poles.

What Does a Reversal Mean?

A reversal of the sun's magnetic field will have consequences throughout the solar system. As the Earth orbits the sun the outer space will become stormy. There is a risk of exposure to cosmic rays. Cosmic rays pose a threat to astronauts and space probes, and some researchers say they might also affect the cloudiness and climate of Earth.

News from National Geographic - Ker Than

Published August 7, 2013

Class XI-A2: Smart Class Activity for Geography Students Class ...

Class XI-A2: Smart Class Activity for Geography Students Class ...: During last week (17 - 20 July, 2013) the Geography students of Class XI-B2 and XI-A2 took part in the Smart Class Activity on Chapter ...

Saturn's Cyclone - a view from Cassini Spacecraft

Explanation: Acquiring its first sunlit views of far northern Saturn late last year, the Cassini spacecraft's narrow-angle camera recorded this stunning image of the vortex at the ringed planet's north pole. The false color, near-infrared image results in red hues for low clouds and green for high ones, causing the north-polar hurricane to take on the appearance of a rose. Enormous by terrestrial hurricane standards, this storm's eye is about 2,000 kilometers wide, with clouds at the outer edge traveling at over 500 kilometers per hour. The north pole Saturn hurricane swirls inside the large, six-sided weather pattern known as the hexagon. Of course, in 2006 Cassini also imaged the hurricane at Saturn's south pole.

Spiral Galaxy M77

Messier 77
Image Credit:
NASA, ESA, André van der Hoeven

Explanation: Face-on spiral galaxy M77 lies a mere 47 million light-years away toward the aquatic constellation Cetus. At that estimated distance, the gorgeous island universe is about 100 thousand light-years across. Also known as NGC 1068, its compact and very bright core is well studied by astronomers exploring the mysteries of supermassive black holes in active Seyfert galaxies. M77 is also seen at x-ray, ultraviolet, infrared, and radio wavelengths. But this sharp visible light image based on Hubble data follows its winding spiral arms traced by obscuring dust clouds and red-tinted star forming regions close in to the galaxy's luminous core.

Links in blue will help you in exploring more about the fact.

Geography Challange Game

Forthcoming Events

Geography Reference Books that you must read

  • Agricultural geography - Majid Hussain
  • Biogeography - Savinder Singh
  • Cartography - R.L. Singh
  • Certificate of Physical Geography - Goh Cheng Leong.
  • Climatology - D.S. Lal
  • Dictionary of Geography - Penguin
  • Economic & Commercial Geography - Made Simple Series - Rupa Publications
  • Economic & Commercial Geography of India - C.B. Memoria
  • Geographical thoughts - Majid Hussain
  • Geography of India - Gopal Singh
  • Geography of population - R.C. Chandra
  • Human and Economic Geography - Leong & Norgan
  • Human Geography - Majid Hussain
  • India's urbanisation and urban systems - R. Ramachandran
  • NCERT Fundamentals of Human Geography

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